The C-terminal heptapeptide of bombesin reduces the deleterious effect of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) on gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) mass but not intestinal immunoglobulin A in vivo

Laurence Genton, Shannon R Reese, Shigeo Ikeda, C Le Tho, Kenneth A Kudsk
JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 2004, 28 (6): 431-4

BACKGROUND: Bombesin, the amphibian analog of mammalian gastrin-releasing peptide, reverses total parenteral nutrition (TPN)-induced atrophy of gut-associated lymphoid tissue and increases intestinal and respiratory immunoglobulin A (IgA) levels. Structure-activity studies suggested that the biologically active portion of bombesin is a C-terminal heptapeptide (7AA). This study investigates the effect of 7AA on lymphocytes counts of the Peyer's patches (PP), the lamina propria (LP) and the intraepithelial layer (IE).

METHODS: Forty-eight male mice were randomized to receive chow (n = 13), TPN only (n = 9), TPN + 15 microg 7AA 3 times per day (n = 13) or TPN + 150 microg 7AA 3 times per day (n = 13). After 5 days of feeding, PP, LP, and IE lymphocytes were determined. Intestinal IgA levels were measured with ELISA. Groups were compared with ANOVA.

RESULTS: All TPN-fed mice lost more weight than mice fed chow (p < .04). Lymphocyte counts in PP, LP, and IE were significantly lower in the TPN group than in the 3 other groups but did not differ between the groups fed chow, TPN + 15 microg 7AA 3 times per day, or TPN + 150 microg 7AA 3 times per day. Intestinal IgA levels were higher in chow-fed mice (148.4 +/- 16.9) than in mice fed TPN (98.4 +/- 14.0, p = .008), TPN + 15 microg 7AA 3 times per day (96.9 +/- 7.7, p = .003) or TPN + 150 microg 7AA 3 times per day (87.3 +/- 6.7, p = .001).

CONCLUSIONS: The C-terminal heptapeptide of bombesin prevented the TPN-induced decrease in intestinal lymphocyte populations but not the reduction in intestinal IgA levels.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"