Mitochondrial membrane potential modulates regulation of mitochondrial Ca2+ in rat ventricular myocytes

Masao Saotome, Hideki Katoh, Hiroshi Satoh, Shiro Nagasaka, Shu Yoshihara, Hajime Terada, Hideharu Hayashi
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 2005, 288 (4): H1820-8
Although recent studies focused on the contribution of mitochondrial Ca2+ to the mechanisms of ischemia-reperfusion injury, the regulation of mitochondrial Ca2+ under pathophysiological conditions remains largely unclear. By using saponin-permeabilized rat myocytes, we measured mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsi(m)) and mitochondrial Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](m)) at the physiological range of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](c); 300 nM) and investigated the regulation of [Ca2+](m) during both normal and dissipated DeltaPsi(m). When DeltaPsi(m) was partially depolarized by carbonyl cyanide p-(trifluoromethoxy)phenylhydrazone (FCCP, 0.01-0.1 microM), there were dose-dependent decreases in [Ca2+](m). When complete DeltaPsi(m) dissipation was achieved by FCCP (0.3-1 microM), [Ca2+](m) remained at one-half of the control level despite no Ca2+ influx via the Ca2+ uniporter. The DeltaPsi(m) dissipation by FCCP accelerated calcein leakage from mitochondria in a cyclosporin A (CsA)-sensitive manner, which indicates that DeltaPsi(m) dissipation opened the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP). After FCCP addition, inhibition of the mPTP by CsA caused further [Ca2+](m) reduction; however, inhibition of mitochondrial Na+/Ca2+ exchange (mitoNCX) by a Na+-free solution abolished this [Ca2+](m) reduction. Cytosolic Na(+) concentrations that yielded one-half maximal activity levels for mitoNCX were 3.6 mM at normal DeltaPsi(m) and 7.6 mM at DeltaPsi(m) dissipation. We conclude that 1) the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter accumulates Ca2+ in a manner that is dependent on DeltaPsi(m) at the physiological range of [Ca2+](c); 2) DeltaPsi(m) dissipation opens the mPTP and results in Ca2+ influx to mitochondria; and 3) although mitoNCX activity is impaired, mitoNCX extrudes Ca2+ from the matrix even after DeltaPsi(m) dissipation.

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