Centrosome amplification and the origin of chromosomal instability in breast cancer

Jeffrey L Salisbury, Antonino B D'Assoro, Wilma L Lingle
Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia 2004, 9 (3): 275-83
The development and progression of aggressive breast cancer is characterized by genomic instability leading to multiple genetic defects, phenotypic diversity, chemoresistance, and poor outcome. Centrosome abnormalities have been implicated in the origin of chromosomal instability through the development of multipolar mitotic spindles. Breast tumor centrosomes display characteristic structural abnormalities, termed centrosome amplification , including: increase in centrosome number and volume, accumulation of excess pericentriolar material, supernumerary centrioles, and inappropriate phosphorylation of centrosome proteins. In addition, breast tumor centrosomes also show functional abnormalities characterized by inappropriate centrosome duplication during the cell cycle and nucleation of unusually large microtubule arrays. These observations have important implications for understanding the mechanisms underlying genomic instability and loss of cell polarity in cancer. This review focuses on the coordination of the centrosome, DNA, and cell cycles in normal cells and their deregulation resulting in centrosome amplification and chromosomal instability in the development and progression of breast cancer.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"