JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Clinical benefit of zoledronic acid in patients with lung cancer and other solid tumors: analysis based on history of skeletal complications

Vera Hirsh, N Simon Tchekmedyian, Lee S Rosen, Ming Zheng, Yong-Jiang Hei
Clinical Lung Cancer 2004, 6 (3): 170-4
15555218
The results of a retrospective exploratory analysis of a phase III trial of zoledronic acid in patients with bone metastases secondary to lung cancer or other solid tumors are reported herein to assess the risk of skeletal-related events (SREs) and the efficacy of 4 mg zoledronic acid compared with placebo. The study is based on patient SRE history before study entry. Patients were stratified based on SRE history (eg, pathologic fracture, spinal cord compression, radiation therapy or surgery to bone, or hypercalcemia) before study entry, and SRE incidence over 21 months was analyzed. Of 507 patients randomized to 4 mg zoledronic acid or placebo, 131 completed the 9-month core phase and 69 entered the 12-month extension phase. Before study entry, 347 of 503 patients who were evaluable for efficacy (69%) experienced >/= 1 SRE; these patients had a higher risk of developing an SRE on study than patients with no prior SRE (odds ratio, 1.41). Among patients with an SRE before study entry, zoledronic acid reduced the risk of SREs by 31% (P = 0.009), reduced the mean skeletal morbidity rate (1.96 vs. 2.81 SREs per year for placebo; P = 0.030), and prolonged the median time to first SRE by nearly 4 months (215 days vs. 106 days for placebo; P = 0.011). Among patients with no SRE before study entry (n = 156), zoledronic acid reduced the risk of SREs by 23% (P = 0.308), reduced the mean skeletal morbidity rate (1.34 vs. 2.53 SREs per year for placebo; P = 0.332), and prolonged the median time to first SRE by 2.5 months (P = 0.534). This exploratory analysis demonstrates that patients with a history of SREs are at high risk for subsequent SREs, but zoledronic acid reduces skeletal morbidity regardless of SRE history.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15555218
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"