[Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 as a regulator of protein-nucleic acid interactions in the processes responding to genotoxic action]

M V Sukhanova, O I Lavrik, S N Khodyreva
Molekuliarnaia Biologiia 2004, 38 (5): 834-47
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1), nuclear protein of higher eukaryotes, specifically detects strand breaks in DNA. When bound to DNA strand breaks, PARP-1 is activated and catalyzes synthesis of poly(ADP-ribose) covalently attached to the row of nuclear proteins, with the main acceptor being PARP-1 itself. This protein participates in a majority of DNA dependent processes: repair, recombination; replication: cell death: apoptosis and necrosis. Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation of proteins is considered as mechanism, which signals about DNA damage and modulate protein functioning in response to genotoxic impact. The main emphasis is made on the roles of PARP-1 and poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation in base excision repair (BER), the process, which provides repair of DNA breaks. The main proposed functions of PARP-1 in this process are: factor initiating assemblage of protein complex of BER; temporary protection of DNA ends; modulation of chromatin structure via poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation of histones; signaling function in detection of the levels of DNA damage in cell.

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