JOURNAL ARTICLE

Anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects of sinapyl alcohol and its glucoside syringin

Jongwon Choi, Kyoung-Min Shin, Hee-Juhn Park, Hyun-Ju Jung, Hyoung Ja Kim, Yong Sup Lee, Jae-Hwan Rew, Kyung-Tae Lee
Planta Medica 2004, 70 (11): 1027-32
15549657
In the present study, syringin, isolated by activity-guided fractionation of the ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extracts of the stem bark of Magnolia sieboldii, and sinapyl alcohol, the hydrolysate of syringin, were evaluated for anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities. Sinapyl alcohol (20, 30 mg/kg/day, p. o.) inhibited increased vascular permeability by acetic acid in mice and reduced acute paw edema by carrageenan in rats more so than syringin. When analgesic activity was measured using the acetic acid-induced writhing test and the hot plate test, sinapyl alcohol was much more potent than syringin in a mouse model. In addition, sinapyl alcohol more potently inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha production by macrophages than syringin. Consistent with these observations, the expression levels of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 was reduced by sinapyl alcohol in a concentration-dependent manner. These results suggest that the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects of syringin after oral administration may be attributed to its in vivo transformation to sinapyl alcohol.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15549657
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"