JOURNAL ARTICLE

Genome-wide linkage scan of epilepsy-related photoparoxysmal electroencephalographic response: evidence for linkage on chromosomes 7q32 and 16p13

Dalila Pinto, Birgit Westland, Gerrit-Jan de Haan, Gabrielle Rudolf, Berta Martins da Silva, Edouard Hirsch, Dick Lindhout, Dorothée G A Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenité, Bobby P C Koeleman
Human Molecular Genetics 2005 January 1, 14 (1): 171-8
15548544
Photoparoxysmal response (PPR) is an abnormal visual sensitivity of the brain in reaction to intermittent photic stimulation. It is an epilepsy-related electroencephalographic trait with high prevalence in idiopathic epilepsies, especially in common idiopathic generalized epilepsies (IGEs), such as childhood absence epilepsy and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. This degree of co-morbidity suggests that PPR may be involved in the predisposition to IGE. The identification of genes for PPR would, therefore, aid the dissection of the genetic basis of IGE. Sixteen PPR-multiplex families were collected to conduct a genome-wide linkage scan using broad (all PPR types) and narrow (exclusion of PPR types I and II and the occipital epilepsy cases) models of affectedness for PPR. We found an empirical genome-wide significance for parametric (HLOD) and non-parametric (NPL) linkage (Pgw(HLOD)=0.004 and Pgw(NPL)=0.01) for two respective chromosomal regions, 7q32 at D7S1804 (HLOD=3.47 with alpha=1, P(NPL)=3.39x10(-5)) and 16p13 at D16S3395 (HLOD=2.44 with alpha=1, P(NPL)=7.91x10(-5)). These two genomic regions contain genes that are important for the neuromodulation of cortical dynamics and may represent good targets for candidate-gene studies. Our study identified two susceptibility loci for PPR, which may be related to the underlying myoclonic epilepsy phenotype present in the families studied.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15548544
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.