JOURNAL ARTICLE

Downregulation and/or release of NKG2D ligands as immune evasion strategy of human neuroblastoma

Lizzia Raffaghello, Ignazia Prigione, Irma Airoldi, Marta Camoriano, Isabella Levreri, Claudio Gambini, Daniela Pende, Alexander Steinle, Soldano Ferrone, Vito Pistoia
Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research 2004, 6 (5): 558-68
15548365
Neuroblastoma (NB) is a pediatric extracranial tumor characterized by downregulation of human leukocyte antigen class I and defects of the antigen processing machinery, two features that make it an appropriate target for natural killer (NK)-mediated lysis. NKG2D is an activating immunoreceptor expressed by cytotoxic T lymphocytes and NK cells. The ligands for NKG2D are the major histocompatibility complex class I-related chain (MIC)A and MICB glycoproteins, and the UL-16-binding proteins (ULBPs). Here, the expression of NKG2D ligands was investigated in human primary NB tumors and cell lines because scanty information is available on this issue. MICA, MICB, and ULBP transcripts were found in most tumors and cell lines. MICA protein was detected in some NB cell lines but not in primary tumors. A soluble form of MICA (sMICA) was identified in most patient sera and in some cell line supernatants. sMICA downregulated surface NKG2D in normal peripheral blood CD8(+) cells and decreased NK-mediated killing of MICA(+) NB cells. MICB was detected exclusively in the cytosol of primary tumors and cell lines. Approximately 50% of primary tumors expressed ULBP-2, but not ULBP-1 or -3. ULBP-3 was expressed in 5 of 9 cell lines, ULBP-2 in 2 of 9, whereas ULBP-1 was never detected. These studies delineate novel potential pathways of tumor escape and immunodeficiency in NB.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15548365
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"