Effect of lung resistance-related protein on the resistance to cisplatin in human ovarian cancer cell lines

Wei Wang, Shunan Ke, Gang Chen, Qinglei Gao, Sufang Wu, Shixuan Wang, Jianfeng Zhou, Xiaokui Yang, Yunping Lu, Ding Ma
Oncology Reports 2004, 12 (6): 1365-70
The mechanisms of drug-resistance in human ovarian cancer cells have not been entirely clarified. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether LRP is involved in the resistance of ovarian cancer cell lines to cisplatin and its molecular mechanism. Human ovarian cisplatin-resistant cancer cell lines (A2780/DDP and COC1/DDP) and their parental cisplatin-sensitive cell lines (A2780 and COC1), alone or transfected with antisense LRP-specific oligonucleotides (ODN) or sense ODN, were treated with cisplatin to induce differentiation. Expression of LRP was examined by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. The sensitivities of cells to cisplatin were assessed using sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay and flow cytometry, and the accumulation and efflux of cisplatin in the cells and isolated nuclei were examined by high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) assay. The expressions of LRP in A2780/DDP and COC1/DDP cells were higher than those in A2780 and COC1 cells and conferred resistance to cisplatin. Transfection of LRP AsODN into A2780/DDP and COC1/DDP cells down-regulated LRP expression and reversed the resistance phenotype. Levels of cisplatin accumulating in cells were increased by LRP-specific AsODN and anti-LRP monoclonal antibody. Isolated nuclei from A2780 and COC1 cells or A2780/DDP and COC1/DDP cells incubated with anti-LRP antibody contained more cisplatin than the nuclei of A2780/DDP and COC1/DDP cells not treated with anti-LRP antibody. Efflux of cisplatin was greater from the nuclei of A2780/DDP and COC1/DDP cells than those of A2780 and COC1 cells, and was inhibited by anti-LRP monoclonal antibody. Thus, LRP was involved in the resistance of ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin and has an important role in the transport of cisplatin both in exocytotic vesicles and between the nucleus and cytoplasm.

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