Case Reports
Journal Article
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Fatal intra-alveolar hemorrhage after rituximab in a patient with non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Leukemia & Lymphoma 2004 November
A 65-year-old male developed progressive dry cough and digital clubbing after starting rituximab-CHOP chemotherapy for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. A lung biopsy showed loose non-necrotic granulomas in a background of mild fibrosis and rare eosinophils, compatible with a drug-induced hypersensitivity pneumonia. Associated manifestations of this hypersensitivity reaction were a high eosinophil count, elevated serum levels of immunoglobulin E, and a skin rash consistent with pigmented purpuric dermatitis (Schamberg disease). Corticosteroids were marginally efficacious in treating this reaction. Few similar reactions have since been described, 2 of them ultimately fatal, but none was associated with pulmonary hemorrhage. A 2.5:1 ratio between the interstitial alveolar T4/T8 lymphocytes in our case is similar to the findings in methotrexate-induced pneumonitis and farmer lung disease. This report documents the serologic and immunohistologic findings associated with a pulmonary interstitial reaction to rituximab. A review of the pertinent literature is provided. The possible pathogenetic mechanisms, including the role of cytokines, cytotoxic T-lymphocytes and CD 20 positive T-cells in relation to the administration of rituximab are discussed.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app