Improvement of cardiac function after transplantation of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in patients with acute myocardial infarction

Shao-liang Chen, Wu-wang Fang, Jun Qian, Fei Ye, Yu-hao Liu, Shou-jie Shan, Jun-jie Zhang, Song Lin, Lian-ming Liao, Robert Chun Hua Zhao
Chinese Medical Journal 2004, 117 (10): 1443-8

BACKGROUND: The infarct size determines the long-term prognosis of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). There is a growing interest in repairing scar area by transplanting bone marrow stem cells. However, effectiveness of intracoronary injection of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in patients with AMI still remains unclear.

METHODS: Sixty-nine patients with AMI after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were randomly divided into intracoronary injection of BMSCs (n = 34) and saline (control group, n = 35) groups. Serial single positron emission computer tomography (SPECT), cardiac echo and cardiac electromechanical mapping were done at the designed time intervals until six months after transplantation of BMSCs or injection of saline.

RESULTS: The proportion with functional defect decreased significantly in the BMSCs patients after three months [(13 +/- 5)%] compared with that pre-transplantation [(32 +/- 11)%] and the control group [(28 +/- 10)%] at three month follow-up (P < 0.05, respectively). Wall movement velocity over the infracted region increased significantly in the BMSCs group [(4.2 +/- 2.5) cm/s vs (2.2 +/- 1.3) cm/s, P < 0.05], but not in the control group [(2.2 +/- 1.5) cm/s vs (2.7 +/- 1.7) cm/s, P > 0.05]. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) three months after transplantation in BMSCs group increased significantly compared with that pre-implantation and with that of the control group at three months post-injection [(67 +/- 11)% vs (49 +/- 9)% and (53 +/- 8)%, P < 0.05 respectively]. SPECT scan results showed that perfusion defect was improved significantly in BMSCs group at three-month follow-up compared with that in the control group [(134 +/- 66) cm(2) vs (185 +/- 87) cm(2), P < 0.01]. At the same time, left ventricular end-diastolic volume [(136 +/- 31) ml vs (162 +/- 27) ml, P < 0.05] and end-systolic volume [(63 +/- 20) ml vs (88 +/- 19) ml, P < 0.05] decreased synchronously. The ratio of end-systolic pressure to end-systolic volume [Psyst/ESV, (2.84 +/- 1.30) mmHg/ml vs (1.72 +/- 1.23) mmHg/ml, P < 0.05] increased significantly. Cardiac electromechanical mapping demonstrated significant improvement at three months after implantation of BMSCs compared with that pre-injection in both cardiac mechanical capability as left line local shorting [LLS, (11.29 +/- 1.64)% vs (7.32 +/- 1.86)%, P < 0.05] and electrical property as left ventricular endocardial unipolar voltage [UV, (10.38 +/- 1.12) mV vs (7.61 +/- 1.09) mV, P < 0.01]; perfusion defect decreased from (36.2 +/- 6.2)% to (20.3 +/- 5.31)% (P < 0.01). Twenty-four-hour electrocardiographic monitoring demonstrated no arrhythmias occurred at three-months follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: The transplantation of BMSCs might improve the cardiac function and it is safe and feasible with no deaths or malignant arrhythmias.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"