JOURNAL ARTICLE

c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase-mediated up-regulation of death receptor 5 contributes to induction of apoptosis by the novel synthetic triterpenoid methyl-2-cyano-3,12-dioxooleana-1, 9-dien-28-oate in human lung cancer cells

Wei Zou, Xiangguo Liu, Ping Yue, Zhongmei Zhou, Michael B Sporn, Reuben Lotan, Fadlo R Khuri, Shi-Yong Sun
Cancer Research 2004 October 15, 64 (20): 7570-8
15492284
Death receptor (DR) 4 or 5, on binding to its ligand, tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), triggers apoptosis via activating the caspase-8-mediated caspase cascade. Certain anticancer drugs up-regulate the expression of these receptors and thereby induce apoptosis or enhance TRAIL-induced apoptosis. In this study, we explored the ability of methyl-2-cyano-3,12-dioxooleana-1,9-dien-28-oate (CDDO-Me) to activate the extrinsic DR-mediated apoptotic pathway in human lung cancer cells. We found that CDDO-Me not only activated caspase-8 but also induced expression of DRs, particularly DR5, in a p53-independent mechanism. Correspondingly, CDDO-Me augmented TRAIL-induced apoptosis in these cells regardless of p53 status as evidenced by enhanced DNA fragmentation and activation of caspase cascades, suggesting that CDDO-Me-induced DRs are functionally active. Moreover, silencing of DR5 expression using small interfering RNA suppressed apoptosis induced by CDDO-Me alone or by combination of CDDO-Me and TRAIL, indicating that DR5 up-regulation is required for induction of apoptosis by CDDO-Me and for enhancement of TRAIL-induced apoptosis by CDDO-Me. CDDO-Me rapidly activated c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) before DR up-regulation and caspase-8 activation. Moreover, application of the JNK-specific inhibitor SP600125 blocked CDDO-Me-induced increases in JNK activation, DR up-regulation, caspase-8 activation, and DNA fragmentation. These results show that activation of JNK pathway results in CDDO-Me-induced DR up-regulation, caspase-8 activation, and apoptosis. Collectively, we conclude that CDDO-Me induces apoptosis via the JNK-mediated DR up-regulation in human lung cancer cells.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15492284
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"