JOURNAL ARTICLE

Long-term functional outcome of low anterior resection with colonic J-pouch reconstruction for rectal cancer in the elderly

Jin-Ichi Hida, Takehito Yoshifuji, Tadao Tokoro, Kiyohiko Inoue, Tomohiko Matsuzaki, Kiyotaka Okuno, Hitoshi Shiozaki, Masayuki Yasutomi
Diseases of the Colon and Rectum 2004, 47 (9): 1448-54
15486740

PURPOSE: Bowel function after low anterior resection for rectal cancer with colonic J-pouch reconstruction is more normal than after conventional straight anastomosis. However, few reports have examined the function of colonic J-pouch reconstruction in the elderly. Good function would obviate the need for colostomy, which is sometimes performed because of concern about fecal incontinence, which increases with age. This study evaluated the function of colonic J-pouch reconstruction in elderly patients aged 75 years or older.

METHODS: Functional outcome was compared in 20 patients aged 75 years or older (older group) and 27 patients aged 60 to 74 years (old group) and 60 patients aged 59 years or younger (young group), 3 years after colonic J-pouch reconstruction, using a functional scoring system with a 17-item questionnaire (score range, 0 (overall good) to 26 (overall poor)).

RESULTS: The functional scores in the three age groups were satisfactory and similar. Among patients with anastomoses 1 cm to 4 cm from the anal verge, all 17 categories on the questionnaire in the three age groups were similar. Among patients with anastomoses 5 cm to 8 cm from the anal verge, only the use of laxatives or glycerine enemas was more common in the older group than in the old and young group (90 vs. 38.5 percent and 43.3 percent; P = 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Low anterior resection with colonic J-pouch reconstruction provides excellent functional outcome, including continence, for elderly patients. Colonic J-pouch reconstruction is a highly preferable alternative to permanent colostomy in elderly patients undergoing low anterior resection.

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