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Roles of serotonin receptor subtypes for the antinociception of 5-HT in the spinal cord of rats

Chang Young Jeong, Jeong Il Choi, Myung Ha Yoon
European Journal of Pharmacology 2004 October 19, 502 (3): 205-11
The contribution of 5-HT (5-hydroxytryptamine) receptor subtypes to the antinociception produced by intrathecal 5-HT in the formalin test was investigated in rats. Intrathecal 5-HT suppressed both phases of behaviors produced by 5% formalin, and this was blocked by antagonists for 5-HT(1B) (3-[3-(Dimethylamino)propyl]-4-hy-droxy-N-[4-(4-pyridinyl)phenyl]benzamide dihydrochloride, GR 55562), 5-HT(2C) (N-ormethylclozapine/8-Chloro-11-(1-piperazinyl)-5H-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepine, D-MC), 5-HT3 (1-Methyl-N-(8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]-oct-3-yl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide maleate, LY-278,584) and 5-HT4 receptors (4-Amino-5-chloro-2-metho-xy-benzoic acid 2-(diethylamino)ethyl ester hydrochloride, SDZ-205,557), but not the 5-HT(1D) receptor antagonist 3-[4-(4-Chlorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]-1,1-diphenyl-2-propanol hydrochloride (BRL 15572). The 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonist N-[2-[4-(2-Methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]-N-2-pyridinyl-cyclohexanecarboxamide maleate (WAY-100635) decreased only the second phase antinociception of 5-HT. Intrathecal administration of agonists for 5-HT(1A) (3-(N,N-Dipropylaminoethyl)-1H-indole-5-carboxamide maleate, Dipropyl-5CT), 5-HT(1B) (7-Trifluoromethyl-4(4-met-hyl-1-piperazinyl)-pyrrolo[1,2-a]quinoxaline maleate, CGS-12066A), 5-HT(2C) (6-Ch-loro-2-(1-piperazinyl)pyrazine hydrochloride, MK 212), 5-HT3 (N-(3-Chlorophenyl)imidodicarbonimidic diamide hydrochloride, m-CPBG) and 5-HT4 receptors (2-[1-(4-Piperonyl)piperazinyl]benzothiazole, BZTZ) suppressed both phases of the formalin response. The results of the present study indicate that spinal 5-HT(1B,) 5-HT(2C,) 5-HT3 and 5-HT4 receptors, but not the 5-HT(1D) receptor, mediate antinociception produced by 5-HT in the formalin test. The relevance of the 5-HT(1A) receptor is less clear because of the different effects of antagonist and agonist.


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