Crystal arthritis. Gout and pseudogout in the geriatric patient

Michael Cassetta, Peter D Gorevic
Geriatrics 2004, 59 (9): 25-30; quiz 31
Gout and pseudogout are inflammatory arthritides due to monosodium urate and calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal formation. Both are prevalent among geriatric patients, and can present as acute mono- or oligoarticular disease, or as a chronic polyarthropathy resembling osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. Gout in the geriatric patient is a disease affecting women, commonly associated with diuretic usage, often involves the fingers, may be complicated by the development of masses of uric acid crystals (tophi) in soft tissues, and is frequently polyarticular. Pseudogout in the geriatric patient has a variety of clinical presentations, may be acute or chronic, and should be considered in evaluating any patient with osteoarthritis occurring in an atypical distribution. Treatment includes the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, colchicine, or corticosteroids. Gout may be impacted by dietary factors, weight reduction, and avoidance of certain forms of alcohol; uric acid-lowering agents are effective for refractory or chronic tophaceous disease.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"