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Midline rectovaginal fascial plication for repair of rectocele and obstructed defecation.

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the efficacy of midline fascial plication of the posterior vaginal wall in women with rectoceles and obstructed defecation.

METHODS: Prospective evaluation of 38 consecutive women with symptomatic rectoceles (stage II or greater) and obstructed defecation included pre- and postoperative standardized pelvic floor questions, pelvic organ prolapse quantification measurements, validated bowel function questionnaires, defecating proctogram, and patient satisfaction. Reviews were conducted by nonsurgical coauthors.

RESULTS: The median follow-up was 12.5 months (range 2.5-26 months). The subjective success rates were 97% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.83-1.00%) at 12 months and 89% (95% CI 0.55-0.98%) at 24 months. The objective success rates were 87% (95% CI 0.64-0.96%) at 12 months and 79% (95% CI 0.51-0.92%) at 24 months. The average points, Ap and Bp, were significantly reduced from -0.1 (range -2 to 3) and 1.1 (range -1 to 8), preoperatively, to -2.6 (range -3 to -1) and -2.5 (range -3 to 0), postoperatively, respectively (P <.001). Depth of rectocele also reduced postoperatively on defecating fluoroscopy (P <.001). The correction of the anatomical defect was associated with improved functional outcome, with 33 women (87%) no longer experiencing obstructed defecation, and there was a significant reduction in postoperative straining to defecate, hard stools, and dyspareunia (P =.001). The improved anatomical and functional outcomes were reflected in the fact that 97% of the women reported very high patient satisfaction.

CONCLUSION: Midline fascial plication is effective in correcting anatomical and functional outcomes associated with symptomatic rectoceles and obstructed defecation.


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