Outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients 80 years and older

Andrew L Tambyraja, Sudhir Kumar, Stephen J Nixon
World Journal of Surgery 2004, 28 (8): 745-8
Advanced age is associated with an increase in postoperative complications. This study assesses the indications and outcome for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in patients aged 80 years or older. Consecutive, unselected patients aged 80 years or over undergoing LC between 1991 and 2000 were included. A retrospective case review enabled analysis of clinical and operative factors together with in-hospital morbidity, 30-day mortality, and duration of hospital stay. A series of 117 patients, 79 women and 38 men with a median age of 83 years (range 80-93 years), underwent LC. Indications for LC were chronic cholecystitis in 62 (53%) patients, acute cholecystitis in 28 (24%), gallstone pancreatitis in 12 (10%), and other conditions in 15 (13%). Six (5%) patients required conversion to an open procedure. Overall, 26 (22%) patients developed a postoperative complication. There were no bile leaks or bile duct injuries. One patient, with gangrenous cholecystitis, died after LC. The median postoperative hospital stay was 3 days (range 1-31 days). LC can be performed safely with low morbidity in patients over age 80 years.

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