Using a wrist-worn device based on peripheral arterial tonometry to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea: in-laboratory and ambulatory validation

Stephen D Pittman, Najib T Ayas, Mary M MacDonald, Atul Malhotra, Robert B Fogel, David P White
Sleep 2004 August 1, 27 (5): 923-33

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess the accuracy of a wrist-worn device (Watch_PAT 100) to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea in the home.

DESIGN: Participants completed 2 overnight diagnostic studies with the test device: 1 night in the laboratory with concurrent polysomnography and 1 night in the home with only the Watch_PAT. The order of the laboratory and home study nights was random. The frequency of respiratory events on the PSG was quantified using indexes based on 2 definitions of hypopnea: the respiratory disturbance index (RDI) using American Academy of Sleep Medicine Task Force criteria for clinical research, also referred to as the Chicago criteria (RDI.C), and the Medicare guidelines (RDI.M). The Watch_PAT RDI (PAT RDI) and oxygen desaturation index (PAT ODI) were then evaluated against the polysomnography RDI.C and RDI.M, respectively, for both Watch_PAT diagnostic nights, yielding IN-LAB and HOME-LAB comparisons.

SETTING: Sleep laboratory affiliated with a tertiary-care academic medical center.

PATIENTS: 30 patients referred with suspected OSA.


MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: The polysomnography and PAT measures were compared using the mean [2 SD] of the differences and the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). The receiver-operator characteristic curve was used to assess optimum sensitivity and specificity and calculate likelihood ratios. For the IN-LAB comparison, there was high concordance between RDI.C and PAT RDI (ICC = 0.88, mean difference 2.5 [18.9] events per hour); RDI.M and PAT ODI (ICC = 0.95, mean difference 1.4 [12.9] events per hour; and sleep time (ICC = 0.70, mean difference 7.0 [93.1] minutes) between the test device and PSG. For the HOME-LAB comparison, there was good concordance between RDI.C and PAT RDI (ICC = 0.72, mean difference 1.4 [30.1] events per hour) and RDI.M and PAT ODI (ICC = 0.80, mean difference 1.6 [26.4] events per hour) for the test device and PSG. Home studies were performed with no technical failures.

CONCLUSIONS: In a population of patients suspected of having obstructive sleep apnea, the Watch_PAT can quantify an ODI that compares very well with Medicare criteria for defining respiratory events and an RDI that compares favorably with Chicago criteria for defining respiratory events. The device can be used with a low failure rate for single use in the lab and home for self-administered testing.

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