Relapse to prior autograft and chronic graft-versus-host disease are the strongest prognostic factors for outcome of melphalan/fludarabine-based dose-reduced allogeneic stem cell transplantation in patients with multiple myeloma

Nicolaus Kröger, Jose A Perez-Simon, Han Myint, Hans Klingemann, Avichai Shimoni, Arnon Nagler, Rodrigo Martino, Adrian Alegre, Jose F Tomas, Rainer Schwerdtfeger, Michael Kiehl, Axel Fauser, Herbert Gottfried Sayer, Angel Leon, Jörg Beyer, Tatjana Zabelina, Francis Ayuk, Jesus F San Miguel, Ronald Brand, Axel Rolf Zander
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 2004, 10 (10): 698-708
We evaluated prognostic factors of melphalan/fludarabine-based dose-reduced allografts in patients with multiple myeloma. From 1998 to 2002, 120 patients with multiple myeloma were treated with melphalan/fludarabine followed by allogeneic stem cell transplantation. The cumulative risk at 1 year for treatment-related mortality (TRM) was 18% (95% confidence interval [CI], 12%-28%). In a multivariate analysis, relapse after prior high-dose chemotherapy was the most significant risk factor for TRM (hazard ratio [HR], 2.80; 95% CI, 1.16-6.74; P =.02), relapse (HR, 4.14; 95% CI, 2.04-8.38; P <.001), event-free survival (HR, 3.11; 95% CI, 1.77-5.46; P <.001), and overall survival (HR, 2.69; 95% CI, 1.35-5.35; P =.005). In addition, relapse was also significantly diminished by chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in a time-dependent Cox model (HR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.16-0.87; P =.02). At transplantation, 8% of the patients were in complete remission, whereas 27% had progressive disease. After allografting, 49% achieved complete remission, and 38% achieved partial remission. In a subgroup of patients with chemosensitivity at transplantation and no relapse after prior high-dose chemotherapy who underwent transplantation with peripheral blood stem cells (n = 46), the cumulative risk of TRM at 1 year was only 8% (95% CI, 1%-54%). The 2-year estimated event-free and overall survival was 60% (95% CI, 42%-78%) and 75% (95% CI, 59%-91%), respectively, for related donors (n = 34) and was 81% (95% CI, 59%-100%) and 92% (95% CI, 76%-100%), respectively, for unrelated donors (n = 12).

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"