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JOURNAL ARTICLE

[A novel missense mutation, K124N, in the troponin T gene of Chinese populations with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy]

Feng-shuang An, Yun Zhang, Da-qing Li, Xing-sheng Yang, Li Li, Cheng Zhang, Mo-lei Yan, Yan Wang, Gui-peng An
Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal] 2004 August 17, 84 (16): 1340-3
15387941

OBJECTIVE: To study the cardiac troponin T (TNNT2) gene mutation in Chinese patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and to analyze the correlation between the genotype and phenotype.

METHODS: Specimens of peripheral blood were collected from 71 unrelated Chinese probands with HCM, aged 40 +/- 18. The genome DNA was extracted. Single-strand conformation polymorphism gel analysis of the polymerase chain reaction-amplified products was conducted to search for mutations in the exons 8, 9, 10, 11, and 16 of the TNNT2 gene. Relevant clinical data were collected. One hundred normal persons, aged 44 +/- 14, were used as controls.

RESULTS: A missense mutation, K124N, in the exon 9 of the TNNT2 gene was identified in a 41-year-old female patient with HCM and failed to be detected in the 100 normal controls, which suggested the disease-causing mutation. The patient began to have the symptoms of chest distress and palpitation since the age of 38, presented moderate hypertrophy of the intraventricular septum, and did not have a family history of sudden cardiac death.

CONCLUSION: A novel missense mutation of troponin T gene has been identified. Mutation in tail part of cardiac troponin T, essential for it's binding function, causes the disease of HCM. Correlative analysis confirms the genetic heterogeneity of the disease.

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