Determinants of postprandial triglyceride and remnant-like lipoproteins in type 2 diabetes

K C B Tan, A W K Tso, O C K Ma, R W C Pang, S Tam, K S L Lam
Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews 2005, 21 (2): 209-14

BACKGROUND: Postprandial changes in remnant-like lipoprotein particles (RLP) contribute to the severity of coronary heart disease in type 2 diabetes. Since the determinants of postprandial response in RLP are not well understood, this study investigated the roles of fasting triglyceride, apolipoprotein (apo) E polymorphism and insulin resistance in a group of overweight/obese Chinese type 2 diabetic subjects.

METHODS: Postprandial triglyceride (TG) and RLP-cholesterol (RLP-C) were determined after a mixed meal containing 70-g fat at 2-h intervals for 8 h in 32 normotriglyceridemic (NTG) and 31 hypertriglyceridemic (HTG) subjects. RLP-C was measured using an immunoseparation assay and apo E genotypes using polymerase chain reaction and restriction mapping. Insulin resistance was defined as homeostasis model assessment index (HOMA-IR).

RESULTS: The HTG subjects had greater postprandial increase in TG and RLP-C than NTG (p < 0.001), but there were no significant differences in HOMA-IR and apo E allele frequencies. Subjects who were non-E3-carriers had the largest postprandial increment in TG and RLP-C. On stepwise linear regression analysis, log(HOMA-IR) was only an independent determinant of fasting TG but not postprandial TG or RLP-C. The major determinants of fasting and postprandial RLP-C were fasting TG and apo E genotype, accounting for 53 and 6% of the variance of fasting RLP-C (p < 0.01) and 31 and 13% of the variance of postprandial RLP-C respectively (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Insulin resistance is mainly a determinant of fasting triglyceride in Chinese type 2 diabetic subjects, whereas apo E genotype is a better predictor of both fasting and postprandial concentrations of RLP.

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