Intensity and daily reliability of the six-minute walk test in moderate chronic heart failure patients

Gaëlle Kervio, Nathalie S Ville, Christophe Leclercq, Jean-Claude Daubert, François Carré
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2004, 85 (9): 1513-8

OBJECTIVE: To assess the intensity and daily reliability of the six-minute walk test (6MWT) in patients with moderate chronic heart failure (CHF).

DESIGN: Evaluation of testing protocol.

SETTING: Hospitalized care.

PARTICIPANTS: CHF patients under optimal drug treatment (CHF-D, n=12) or optimal drug treatment plus multisite cardiac pacing (CHF-P, n=12).

INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Peak values of oxygen uptake (VO2) and heart rate during a symptom-limited, treadmill exercise test and VO2, heart rate, and distance during 2 6MWT sessions (morning and afternoon). The 6MWT intensity was estimated by the ratio (%) of VO2 and heart rate values measured at the end of this test in relation to the respective peak values obtained during the treadmill exercise test.

RESULTS: Subjects' VO2 and heart rate during the 6MWT were lower (P<.001) and were about 90% of the peak values (VO2: CHF-D, 90.5%+/-11.1%; CHF-P, 93.0%+/-13.2%; heart rate: CHF-D, 90.6%+/-6.6%; CHF-P, 91.4%+/-9.6%). The distance walked during both 6MWT sessions did not differ significantly, with low coefficients of variation (< or =2.0%) and high intraclass correlation coefficients (> or =.98). In CHF-D only, the patients' VO2 and heart rate were significantly (P<.01, P<.05, respectively) higher during the afternoon session.

CONCLUSIONS: Despite an intensity significantly lower but close to that of the symptom-limited exercise test, the 6MWT was well tolerated in both CHF groups. In these populations, the 6MWT is reliable on a daily basis, for the distance walked. However, for assessing VO2 and heart rate values in CHF-D patients, the 6MWT must always be performed at the same time of day.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"