Safety and efficacy of botulinum toxin type B (Myobloc) in adductor spasmodic dysphonia

Charles H Adler, Stephen F Bansberg, Kari Krein-Jones, Joseph G Hentz
Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society 2004, 19 (9): 1075-9
This single-site, open-label, dose-finding study evaluated the safety and efficacy of botulinum toxin type B (BoNT-B; Myobloc) for the treatment of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (AdSD) in 13 patients. Three patients received a total of 50 U (25 U per vocal fold); the same three subsequently received 100 U, and then 10 more received 200 U. The primary measure of efficacy was the patient's rating of the change in the severity of spasms on a scale from -3 to +3. There were seven secondary measures of efficacy, including blinded ratings of the sound of voice recorded on audiotape. At Week 8 after injection, spasms improved in 0 of 3 patients who received 50 U, 1 of 3 patients who received 100 U, and 8 of 10 patients who received 200 U. The mean (+/- standard deviation [SD]) score for the change in spasm severity at Week 8 in the 200 U group was 1.4 (+/-1.2) points (P = 0.004). All seven secondary measures also showed improvement. Breathiness was the most common side effect but was mild in intensity and of short duration. We conclude that BoNT-B is safe and effective for the treatment of adductor spasmodic dysphonia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"