Kawasaki disease with severe cardiac sequelae: lessons from recent New Zealand experience

N Wilson, P Heaton, L Calder, R Nicholson, S Stables, R Gavin
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 2004, 40 (9): 524-9

OBJECTIVES: To review recent cases of Kawasaki disease (KD) with significant cardiac sequelae in New Zealand. It is known that intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) reduces the risk of coronary artery aneurysm formation if given within 8-10 days of onset of KD.

METHODS: Retrospective review of medical course, criteria for KD, laboratory and cardiac findings for six children identified with KD and significant coronary artery sequelae.

RESULTS: There was delay in diagnosis of KD in three of the six children. Three cases were atypical by extremes of age (2 months, 10 years, 14 years). By definition all six children had significant coronary artery involvement. One patient had a thrombus detected in a coronary aneurysm 3 weeks after KD. One patient underwent coronary artery bypass grafting for unstable angina 2 years after KD. One patient developed coronary artery aneurysms after an initial 'toxic shock' type illness evolving to KD. Three patients died, one due to rupture of a coronary artery aneurysm, two from rapid early coronary artery obstruction occurring at three and 4 months after initial KD.

CONCLUSIONS: Kawasaki disease remains an important cause of mortality and morbidity for children. Diagnostic delay beyond 8 days reduces the chances of successful IVIG therapy in KD. Current studies supported by the Paediatric Surveillance Unit should establish the epidemiology of KD in New Zealand.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"