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Simultaneous determination of the main metabolites in rice leaves using capillary electrophoresis mass spectrometry and capillary electrophoresis diode array detection

Shigeru Sato, Tomoyoshi Soga, Takaaki Nishioka, Masaru Tomita
Plant Journal 2004, 40 (1): 151-63
15361149
The study of the metabolomics of primary metabolites using conventional chemical analyses requires a high-throughput method. Chemical derivatizations are a prerequisite for gas-chromatographic separation, and a large sample quantity is needed for liquid-chromatographic separation and nuclear magnetic resonance detection systems. Recently, we have developed a capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry (CE-MS) technology that can simultaneously quantify a large number of primary metabolites, using only a small quantity of samples, and without any chemical derivatizations. Parallel use of a capillary electrophoresis-diode array detector (CE-DAD) system further enables almost all water-soluble intracellular metabolites to be analyzed. We demonstrate, with rice leaves, a simple and rapid method of sample preparation for CE analysis; using this method, we have successfully measured the levels of 88 main metabolites involved in glycolysis, the tricarboxylic acid cycle, the pentose phosphate pathway, photorespiration, and amino acid biosynthesis.

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