Treatment of hydrofluoric acid burn to the face by carotid artery infusion of calcium gluconate

Lan T Nguyen, William J Mohr, David H Ahrenholz, Lynn D Solem
Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation 2004, 25 (5): 421-4
Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is highly corrosive substance often used in industrial processes. HF burns to the skin cause local tissue injury. Systemic hypocalcemia may ensue, with the potential to produce life-threatening arrhythmias. Medical treatment consists of local application of topical calcium gels, subcutaneous injection of calcium gluconate, and intravenous or intra-arterial infusion of calcium gluconate. Calcium gluconate infusions have been used for HF burns on distal extremities and digits. We report a case of HF burn to the face that was treated by the use of calcium gluconate infusion via the external carotid artery.

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