Risk factors associated with postoperative pulmonary complications following oncological surgery

Ciğdem Ozdilekcan, Necla Songur, Bahadir M Berktaş, Meral Dinç, Emel Uçgül, Uğur Ok
Tüberküloz Ve Toraks 2004, 52 (3): 248-55
The purpose of our study was to determine the incidence of different postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) and their associated risk factors in patients who have undergone various elective surgical procedures in an oncological surgery center. Ninety five adult patients were studied prospectively for one year period. For the study group, predictors of pulmonary complications of interest were determined as age, gender, body mass index, co morbid conditions (preexisting history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, bronchiectasis, restrictive lung disease), site and type of the operation, smoking history, The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status, physical examination and chest X- Ray findings, pulmonary function tests, type and duration of anesthesia, surgical incision site and length and presence of nasogastric tube suction. The PPC rate of our study group was 40% (38/95). Atelectasis and bronchospasm were the most frequently observed PPCs (13.7%) Among all the risk factors taken into consideration, only three were found to be significant independent predictors of pulmonary complications according to multivariate analysis as follows: incision location concerning abdomen (p= 0.008), duration of anesthesia per hour (p= 0.0001), values of FEV1 < 50% (p= 0.007). Our data revealed that the incidence of PPCs was high in our study group when compared to results of general population. Application of major resection surgeries for cancer patients can be an explanation for this result. Shortening the duration of surgery, avoiding general anaesthesia in selected group of patients may reduce the risk of PPCs.

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