JOURNAL ARTICLE

Inactivation of the coronavirus that induces severe acute respiratory syndrome, SARS-CoV

Miriam E R Darnell, Kanta Subbarao, Stephen M Feinstone, Deborah R Taylor
Journal of Virological Methods 2004, 121 (1): 85-91
15350737
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a life-threatening disease caused by a novel coronavirus termed SARS-CoV. Due to the severity of this disease, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that manipulation of active viral cultures of SARS-CoV be performed in containment laboratories at biosafety level 3 (BSL3). The virus was inactivated by ultraviolet light (UV) at 254 nm, heat treatment of 65 degrees C or greater, alkaline (pH > 12) or acidic (pH < 3) conditions, formalin and glutaraldehyde treatments. We describe the kinetics of these efficient viral inactivation methods, which will allow research with SARS-CoV containing materials, that are rendered non-infectious, to be conducted at reduced safety levels.

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