Modulation of fluorouracil by leucovorin in patients with advanced colorectal cancer: evidence in terms of response rate. Advanced Colorectal Cancer Meta-Analysis Project

(no author information available yet)
Journal of Clinical Oncology 1992, 10 (6): 896-903

PURPOSE: A meta-analysis was performed on nine randomized clinical trials that compared fluorouracil (5-FU) with 5-FU plus intravenous (IV) leucovorin (LV) for the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer.

DESIGN: The analysis was based on the most recently updated individual patient data from all trials. The end points of interest were tumor response and overall survival.

RESULTS: Therapy with 5-FU plus LV administered either as weekly or monthly regimens showed a highly significant benefit over single-agent 5-FU in terms of tumor response rate (23% v 11%; response odds ratio (OR), 0.45; P less than 10(-7)). This increase in response did not result in a discernable improvement of overall survival (survival OR, 0.97; P = .57). The large number of patients who did not respond to treatment in both groups, and cross-overs from 5-FU alone to 5-FU plus LV are discussed as plausible explanations for the lack of a survival difference.

CONCLUSION: These results confirm the advantage of 5-FU plus leucovorin over 5-FU alone in terms of objective tumor response. They also suggest that in planning future trials, tumor response should not be considered a valid surrogate end point for survival in patients with advanced colorectal cancer.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"