JOURNAL ARTICLE

Characterization of a new neuropeptide Y Y5 agonist radioligand: [125I][cPP(1-7), NPY(19-23), Ala31, Aib32, Gln34]hPP

Yvan Dumont, Mira Thakur, Annette Beck-Sickinger, Alain Fournier, Rémi Quirion
Neuropeptides 2004, 38 (4): 163-74
15337369
In order to optimally characterize a class of neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptors expressed in a tissue enriched with multiple subtypes (Y1, Y2, Y4 and Y5) and to establish its detailed distribution, it is critical to use highly selective and specific probes that possess very low non-specific binding. In that context, we recently reported on the development of [125I][hPP(1-17), Ala31, Aib32]NPY as Y5 receptor radioligand. However, the non-specific binding obtained with this radioligand was too high to allow for detailed receptor autoradiography studies [Br. J. Pharmacol. 139 (2003) 1360]. Iodinated [cPP(1-7), NPY(19-23), Ala31, Aib32, Gln34]hPP may represent a better Y5 radioligand in that regard. Accordingly, [125I][cPP(1-7), NPY(19-23), Ala31, Aib32, Gln34]hPP binding was investigated in rat brain membrane homogenates and its specificity and selectivity established in rat Y1, Y2, Y4 and Y5 transfected HEK293 cells. No specific binding was detected in HEK293 cells transfected with the rat Y1, Y2 or Y4 receptors, while saturable binding was observed in cells transfected with the rat Y5 receptor cDNA and in rat brain membrane homogenates (KD of 0.5-0.7 nM). Competition binding experiments performed in rat brain membrane homogenates demonstrated that specific [125I][cPP(1-7), NPY(19-23), Ala31, Aib32, Gln34]hPP binding was competed with nanomolar affinities by Y5 agonists and antagonists such as [Leu31,Pro34]PYY, PYY(3-36), [cPP(1-7), NPY(19-23), Ala31, Aib32, Gln34]hPP, [Ala31, Aib32]NPY, [hPP(1-17), Ala31, Aib32]NPY, CGP71683A and JCF109, but not by Y1 (BIBP3226 and BIBO3304), Y2 (BIIE0246) and Y4 (GR231118) ligands. Non-specific binding was also lower than that reported for [125I][hPP(1-17), Ala31, Aib32]NPY. Interestingly, detailed analysis of competition binding curves obtained with [Leu31, Pro34]PYY, hPP, PYY(3-36) and [cPP(1-7), NPY(19-23), Ala31, Aib32, Gln34]hPP against specific [125I][cPP(1-7), NPY(19-23), Ala31, Aib32, Gln34]hPP sites were best fitted to a two-site model. Additionally, receptor autoradiography studies revealed the presence of specific [125I][cPP(1-7), NPY(19-23), Ala31, Aib32, Gln34]hPP binding sites in the lateral septum and area postrema while other brain regions contained much lower levels of specific binding. Taken together, these data suggest that [125I][cPP(1-7), NPY(19-23), Ala31, Aib32, Gln34]hPP represents a useful tool to study the unique feature of the Y5 receptor subtype.

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