Non-traumatic spontaneous acute epidural haematoma — report of two cases and review of the literature

W H Ng, T T Yeo, W T Seow
Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia 2004, 11 (7): 791-3
Epidural haematomas are usually associated with preceding head trauma. The entity of non-traumatic spontaneous acute epidural haematoma is rare and most commonly occurs in the presence of infectious disease. It can also occur in the presence of coagulopathy, vascular malformations of the dura mater and haemorrhagic tumours. Sickle cell disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, open heart surgery and haemodialysis have also been implicated as causative factors. The authors report two cases of spontaneous epidural haematomas (one of unknown aetiology and one from a coagulation disorder) and discuss the aetiological agents involved in this rarely described condition.

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