Comparison of oxygen uptake kinetics during knee extension and cycle exercise

Shunsaku Koga, David C Poole, Tomoyuki Shiojiri, Narihiko Kondo, Yoshiyuki Fukuba, Akira Miura, Thomas J Barstow
American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 2005, 288 (1): R212-20
The knee extension exercise (KE) model engenders different muscle and fiber recruitment patterns, blood flow, and energetic responses compared with conventional cycle ergometry (CE). This investigation had two aims: 1) to test the hypothesis that upright two-leg KE and CE in the same subjects would yield fundamentally different pulmonary O(2) uptake (pVo(2)) kinetics and 2) to characterize the muscle blood flow, muscle Vo(2) (mVo(2)), and pVo(2) kinetics during KE to investigate the rate-limiting factor(s) of pVo(2) on kinetics and muscle energetics and their mechanistic bases after the onset of heavy exercise. Six subjects performed KE and CE transitions from unloaded to moderate [< ventilatory threshold (VT)] and heavy (>VT) exercise. In addition to pVo(2) during CE and KE, simultaneous pulsed and echo Doppler methods, combined with blood sampling from the femoral vein, were used to quantify the precise temporal profiles of femoral artery blood flow (LBF) and mVo(2) at the onset of KE. First, the gain (amplitude/work rate) of the primary component of pVo(2) for both moderate and heavy exercise was higher during KE ( approximately 12 ml.W(-1).min(-1)) compared with CE ( approximately 10), but the time constants for the primary component did not differ. Furthermore, the mean response time (MRT) and the contribution of the slow component to the overall response for heavy KE were significantly greater than for CE. Second, the time constant for the primary component of mVo(2) during heavy KE [25.8 +/- 9.0 s (SD)] was not significantly different from that of the phase II pVo(2). Moreover, the slow component of pVo(2) evident for the heavy KE reflected the gradual increase in mVo(2). The initial LBF kinetics after onset of KE were significantly faster than the phase II pVo(2) kinetics (moderate: time constant LBF = 8.0 +/- 3.5 s, pVo(2) = 32.7 +/- 5.6 s, P < 0.05; heavy: LBF = 9.7 +/- 2.0 s, pVo(2) = 29.9 +/- 7.9 s, P < 0.05). The MRT of LBF was also significantly faster than that of pVo(2). These data demonstrate that the energetics (as gain) for KE are greater than for CE, but the kinetics of adjustment (as time constant for the primary component) are similar. Furthermore, the kinetics of muscle blood flow during KE are faster than those of pVo(2), consistent with an intramuscular limitation to Vo(2) kinetics, i.e., a microvascular O(2) delivery-to-O(2) requirement mismatch or oxidative enzyme inertia.

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