Effects of two hemolymph proteins on humoral defense reactions in the wax moth, Galleria mellonella

Shin Yong Park, Chong Han Kim, Woo Hyuk Jeong, Joon Ha Lee, Sook Jae Seo, Yeon Soo Han, In Hee Lee
Developmental and Comparative Immunology 2005, 29 (1): 43-51
Two hemolymph proteins were isolated from the wax moth, Galleria mellonella, larvae by a two-step procedure consisting of acid extraction and reversed phase (RP)-HPLC. One was an apolipophorin III (apoLp-III) previously characterized as a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) binding protein in the hemolymph of G. mellonella. The other was confirmed to be a new protein with a molecular mass of 23,768.69 Da, referred to as Gm protein-24. The full-length cDNA of Gm protein-24 was cloned from the fat body. The cDNA structure showed that it is a 219-residues protein derived from the precursor of 236 amino acids. The effects of apoLp-III and Gm protein-24 have been tested on the insect humoral immunity. ApoLp-III enhanced the activity of antibacterial peptide such as cecropin but Gm protein-24 had no effect on cecropin activity. On the other hand, Gm protein-24 and apoLp-III were both involved in the activation of prophenoloxidase (PPO) cascade, which has been regarded as a critical immune reaction in insect hemolymph. Of note, the Gm protein-24 was a significantly stronger activator of PPO cascade than apoLp-III.

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