Hypertension induced reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome: a report of two cases

Z Birsin Ozcakar, Mesiha Ekim, Suat Fitoz, Serap Teber, Selda Hizel, Banu Acar, Selcuk Yüksel, Fatos Yalcinkaya
European Journal of Pediatrics 2004, 163 (12): 728-30

UNLABELLED: Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) is a recently described disorder with typical radiological findings of bilateral grey and white matter abnormalities in the posterior regions of the cerebral hemispheres. The majority of patients with RPLS are adults and it is rare in children. In this report, two patients with RPLS are presented. In the first patient the primary diagnosis was acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, a known cause of RPLS both in adults and in children. The second patient had Henoch Schönlein purpura.

CONCLUSION: These patients are presented to highlight the importance of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome. As the spectrum of associated diseases is diverse, paediatricians must be aware of this syndrome in order to initiate appropriate management.

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