Standard preoxygenation technique versus two rapid techniques in pregnant patients

B Chiron, M Laffon, M Ferrandiere, J F Pittet, H Marret, C Mercier
International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 2004, 13 (1): 11-4
The aim of this study was to compare three different preoxygenation techniques in pregnant women by measuring end-tidal fractional oxygen concentration (FETO2): the traditional technique of 3min tidal volume breathing (VT x 3 min), 8 deep breaths (8 DB) and 4 deep breaths (4 DB). Twenty pregnant volunteers without pulmonary diseases were studied during the third trimester (36-38 weeks' gestation). Women were preoxygentated using a non-rebreathing respiratory circuit with a 3-L reservoir bag and a Capnomac Ultima calibrated before each patient to monitor FETO2 continuously. The three preoxygenation techniques were investigated in random order: VT x 3 min using an oxygen flow of 9 L min-1, 4 DB within 30s using an oxygen flow of 9 L min-1, and 8 DB within one minute using an oxygen flow of 15 L min-1. Between each technique, 5-min room air breathing was allowed to return to baseline FETO2 assessed by the Capnomac Ultima. An FETO2 >/= 90% was achieved more frequently with the VT x 3 min and the 8 DB techniques (76%) than with the 4 DB technique (18%) (P < 0.05). The average time required for obtaining an FETO2 >/= 90% was 107+/-37s. Both the VT x 3 min and the 8 DB techniques are therefore more effective for preoxygenation in pregnant patients than the 4 DB technique. In an acute obstetric emergency before rapid-sequence induction of general anaesthesia, 8 DB preoxygenation technique could be recommended.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"