Tolerability and anti-inflammatory effects of glucuronoxylomannan in collagen-induced arthritis

A Mirshafiey, D T Ngoc Dzung, J W Murphy, M R Khorramizadeh, F Saadat, F Mehrabian, P Larsson
Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 2004, 60 (3): 226-32
This investigation was planned to assess the therapeutic efficacy of glucuronoxylomannan (GXM) in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). GXM was isolated from culture filtrate of Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii, serotype C. CIA was induced by the immunization of Dark Agouti rats with bovine type II collagen in incomplete Freund's adjuvant. GXM solution at two doses, 25 and 50 mg/kg, was administered intraperitoneally. Onset of i.p. injections of GXM to prevention and treatment groups was days 0 and 10 postimmunization, respectively. The WEHI-164 cell line was used for assaying tolerability, matrix metalloproteinase type 2 (MMP-2) activity and apoptosis. MMP-2 activity was assessed using zymography. For assessment of apoptosis, the terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labelling method was used. The results of this experiment showed that the treatment of CIA with GXM at a dose of 50 mg/kg could suppress disease development both prophylactically and therapeutically. This beneficial effect of GXM was associated with a significant decrease in the anti-CII antibody response compared with untreated rats. Moreover, GXM therapy could diminish MMP-2 activity, but it had no notable effect on apoptosis. GXM also showed a high tolerability compared with certain steroidal and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. We conclude that GXM suppresses the development of disease in CIA and it could be recommended as a new immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory agent for further investigations.

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