Quantitation of tadalafil in human plasma by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization

N V S Ramakrishna, K N Vishwottam, S Puran, M Koteshwara, S Manoj, M Santosh, J Chidambara, S Wishu, B Sumatha
Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences 2004 October 5, 809 (2): 243-9
A simple, rapid, sensitive and specific liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for quantitation of tadalafil (I) in human plasma, a new selective, reversible phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor. The analyte and internal standard (sildenafil, II) were extracted by liquid-liquid extraction with diethyl ether/dichloromethane (70/30, v/v) using a Glas-Col Multi-Pulse Vortexer. The chromatographic separation was performed on reverse phase Xterra MS C18 column with a mobile phase of 10mM ammonium formate/acetonitrile (10/90, v/v, pH adjusted to 3.0 with formic acid). The protonate of analyte was quantitated in positive ionization by multiple reaction monitoring with a mass spectrometer. The mass transitions m/z 390.4 --> 268.0 and m/z 475.5 --> 58.3 were used to measure I and II, respectively. The assay exhibited a linear dynamic range of 10-1000 ng/mL for tadalafil in human plasma. The lower limit of quantitation was 10 ng/mL with a relative standard deviation of less than 15%. Acceptable precision and accuracy were obtained for concentrations over the standard curve ranges. Run time of 1.2 min for each sample made it possible to analyze a throughput of more than 400 human plasma samples per day. The validated method has been successfully used to analyze human plasma samples for application in pharmacokinetic, bioavailability or bioequivalence studies.

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