Xuezhikang, an extract of cholestin, protects endothelial function through antiinflammatory and lipid-lowering mechanisms in patients with coronary heart disease

Shui Ping Zhao, Ling Liu, Yan Chun Cheng, Mehdi H Shishehbor, Ming Hui Liu, Dao Quan Peng, Yu Ling Li
Circulation 2004 August 24, 110 (8): 915-20

BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction is associated with inflammation and postprandial hypertriglyceridemia. Xuezhikang, an extract of Cholestin, a dietary supplement, has lipid-modulating and antiinflammatory effects. We explored the effects of xuezhikang on endothelial function and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).

METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively randomized 50 CHD patients to xuezhikang 1200 mg/d or placebo for 6 weeks. Fasting hs-CRP concentrations, flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) at 0 and 4 hours, and lipid parameters at 0, 2, 4, and 6 hours were monitored after a high-fat meal (800 calories; 50 g fat) in all patients. All patients underwent a high-fat meal test at the beginning of the study and after 6 weeks of treatment. Postprandial FMD was significantly worse at 4 hours after a high-fat meal (P<0.05), and this was associated with the area under the triglyceride curve (TG-AUC) (r=0.345, P<0.01). After 6 weeks of xuezhikang, fasting hs-CRP levels and TG-AUC (P<0.001 for each) decreased. Furthermore, preprandial and postprandial FMD significantly improved (P<0.001). There were no significant changes in serum lipids and FMD in the placebo arm. In multivariable regression analysis, changes in TG-AUC and fasting hs-CRP levels were predictive of improvement in preprandial FMD (P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Xuezhikang effectively improved preprandial and postprandial endothelial function through its potent antiinflammatory and lipid-lowering effects.

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