Synthesis of n-type perylene bisimide derivatives and their orthogonal self-assembly with p-type oligo(p-phenylene vinylene)s

Jeroen van Herrikhuyzen, Asha Syamakumari, Albertus P H J Schenning, E W Meijer
Journal of the American Chemical Society 2004 August 18, 126 (32): 10021-7
Four different (chiral) electron-deficient (n-type) perylene bisimides containing aliphatic, aromatic, or ethyleneoxide side chaines have been synthesized and fully characterized. All of them form supramolecular stacks in apolar methylcyclohexane (MCH) solution as demonstrated by concentration- and temperature-dependent absorption, circular dichroism, and fluorescence studies. One derivative was investigated in more detail in the solid state and proven to be liquid crystalline and capable of forming nanometer-sized fiberlike networks when drop-cast from MCH. Optical spectroscopy techniques show that perylene bisimide and an oligo(p-phenylene vinylene) (p-type) derivative orthogonally self-assemble into separate nanosized p-and n-type stacks in MCH. In contrast in toluene only molecularly dissolved species are present. In films deposited from MCH as well as from toluene photoinduced electron transfer takes place from the p-type material to the n-type material. As a result of the orthogonal self-assembly process, in films from MCH an ordered network of fibers was formed, whereas in films from toluene no ordering was observed. However, probably due to the lateral orientation on the surface and the presence of long aliphatic chains pointing toward the electrodes, efficient bulk heterojunction solar cells could not be constructed.

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