Proteomic profiling of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells upon transforming growth factor beta1 stimulation

Daojing Wang, Jennifer S Park, Julia S F Chu, Ari Krakowski, Kunxin Luo, David J Chen, Song Li
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2004 October 15, 279 (42): 43725-34
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can differentiate into different types of cells and have tremendous potential for cell therapy and tissue engineering. Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta) plays an important role in cell differentiation and vascular remodeling. We showed that TGF-beta induced cell morphology change and an increase in actin fibers in MSCs. To determine the global effects of TGF-beta on MSCs, we employed a proteomic strategy to analyze the effect of TGF-beta on the human MSC proteome. By using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and electrospray ionization coupled to quadrupole/time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometers, we have generated a proteome reference map of MSCs, and we identified approximately 30 proteins with an increase or decrease in expression or phosphorylation in response to TGF-beta. The proteins regulated by TGF-beta included cytoskeletal proteins, matrix synthesis proteins, membrane proteins, metabolic enzymes, etc. TGF-beta increased the expression of smooth muscle alpha-actin and decreased the expression of gelsolin. Overexpression of gelsolin inhibited TGF-beta-induced assembly of smooth muscle alpha-actin; on the other hand, knocking down gelsolin expression enhanced the assembly of alpha-actin and actin filaments without significantly affecting alpha-actin expression. These results suggest that TGF-beta coordinates the increase of alpha-actin and the decrease of gelsolin to promote MSC differentiation. This study demonstrates that proteomic tools are valuable in studying stem cell differentiation and elucidating the underlying molecular mechanisms.

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