Prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder in incarcerated juvenile delinquents in Japan

Chieko Yoshinaga, Izumi Kadomoto, Toshiyuki Otani, Tsukasa Sasaki, Nobumasa Kato
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 2004, 58 (4): 383-8
The present study investigated frequency of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in incarcerated juvenile delinquents in Japan. The presence of overwhelming traumatic experiences, which fulfilled the DSM-IV criterion A for PTSD, was evaluated using a self-report questionnaire in 251 delinquents (206 males and 45 females). The structured interview using the Clinician-administered PTSD Scale for DSM-IV (CAPS) was administered to those with the experiences. A substantial portion (36%) of the delinquents reported experiences of exposure to such overwhelming traumatic events, which fulfilled the criterion A. Among those who met the criterion A, 48 subjects (40 males and eight females) received the CAPS interview. Ten (21%) out of 48 were diagnosed with current or past history of full PTSD. Three subjects out of the 10 were currently diagnosed with full PTSD. Another 10 subjects out of 48 (21%) had fulfilled the criteria for current or past history of partial PTSD. Among the 10, one was diagnosed as currently suffering from partial PTSD. In females, frequencies of the past history were quite high (50% for full PTSD and 25% for partial PTSD in the eight subjects), while none was currently diagnosed with PTSD.

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