COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Orbital irradiation for Graves' ophthalmopathy: Is it safe? A long-term follow-up study.

Ophthalmology 2004 August
PURPOSE: We evaluated the frequency of long-term complications of orbital irradiation (radiation-induced tumors, cataract, and retinopathy) in comparison with glucocorticoids.

DESIGN: We conducted a follow-up study in a cohort of 245 Graves' ophthalmopathy patients who had been treated with retrobulbar irradiation (20 Gy in 2 weeks) and/or oral glucocorticoids between 1982 and 1993 in our institution. Irradiated patients were compared with nonirradiated patients.

METHODS: Data on mortality and cause of death were obtained. Living patients were invited to participate in a follow-up study. Possible retinopathy was assessed in a masked fashion and defined as the presence of > or =1 hemorrhages and/or microaneurysms on red-free retina photographs. If >5 lesions were present, patients were categorized as suffering from definite retinopathy. Cataract was assessed using the Lens Opacity Classification System II score.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mortality, prevalence of retinopathy, prevalence of cataract, and type of cataract.

RESULTS: Thirty-seven of the 245 patients had died, none of them from an intracranial tumor. Mortality was similar in the irradiated (27/159 [17%]) and nonirradiated patients (10/86 [12%]; P = 0.264). One hundred fifty-seven of the 208 living patients (75%) consented to participate in a follow-up ophthalmologic investigation; the mean follow-up time (+/- standard deviation) was 11+/-3 years. Possible retinopathy was present in 15% of patients, 22 of the irradiated and 1 of the nonirradiated patients (P = 0.002). In 5 patients (all had been irradiated), definite retinopathy (i.e., >5 retinal lesions) was present. Of these, 3 had diabetes mellitus, and 1 had hypertension. Diabetes was associated with both possible (P = 0.029) and definite (P = 0.005) retinopathy, with a relative risk of 21 (95% confidence interval, 3-179). The prevalence and severity of cataract were similar in the radiotherapy group (29%) and the glucocorticoid group (34%); it should be noted that 88 of 104 of the irradiated patients were also treated with oral glucocorticoids.

CONCLUSION: The data suggest that orbital irradiation for Graves' ophthalmopathy is a safe treatment modality, except possibly for diabetic patients.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app