COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Behavioural effects of the novel AMPA/GluR5 selective receptor antagonist NS1209 after systemic administration in animal models of experimental pain

Gordon Blackburn-Munro, Signe F Bomholt, Helle K Erichsen
Neuropharmacology 2004, 47 (3): 351-62
15275824
The effects of systemic administration of the novel AMPA/GluR5 selective receptor antagonist NS1209 in animal models of experimental pain have been tested and compared with the AMPA receptor antagonist NBQX and the opiate morphine. In the mouse hot plate test, NS1209 (3-30 mg/kg, s.c. and i.p.) and morphine (3-30 mg/kg, s.c.) significantly increased the nociceptive response latency, whereas NBQX (3-30 mg/kg, i.p.) was ineffective. In the rat formalin test, a model of persistent pain, NS1209 (3 and 6 mg/kg, i.p.) and morphine (0.5 and 3 mg/kg, s.c.) produced dose-dependent reductions in second phase nociceptive behaviours, although NBQX (10 and 20 mg/kg, i.p.) was without effect. In the chronic constriction injury model of neuropathic pain, NS1209 (3 and 6 mg/kg, i.p.), NBQX (10 and 20 mg/kg, i.p.) and morphine (3 and 6 mg/kg, s.c.) all reduced mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia responses to von Frey hair and pin prick stimulation of the injured hindpaw. NS1209 and morphine also reduced cold hypersensitivity in response to ethyl chloride stimulation of the injured hindpaw. At the doses associated with anti-nociceptive actions, no effects on motor performance as determined by the rotarod test were observed for any of the drugs tested. Thus, systemic administration of NS1209 at non-ataxic doses has marked analgesic actions comparable to those of morphine in a range of animal models of experimental pain.

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