JOURNAL ARTICLE

Differential regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 expression and activity in adult rat cardiac fibroblasts in response to interleukin-1beta

Zhonglin Xie, Mahipal Singh, Krishna Singh
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2004 September 17, 279 (38): 39513-9
15269222
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of endoproteinases, are implicated in cardiac remodeling. Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), which is increased in the heart following myocardial infarction, increases expression and activity of MMP-2 (gelatinase A) and -9 (gelatinase B) in cardiac fibroblasts. Previously, we have shown that IL-1beta activates ERK1/2, JNKs, and protein kinase C (PKC). However, signaling pathways involved in the regulation of MMP-2 and -9 expression and activity are not yet well understood. Using adult rat cardiac fibroblasts, we show that inhibition of ERK1/2 and JNKs inhibits IL-1beta-stimulated increases in MMP-9, not MMP-2, expression and activity. Chelerythrine, an inhibitor of PKC, inhibited activation of ERK1/2 and JNKs and expression and activity of both MMPs. Selective inhibition of PKC-alpha/beta1 using Gö6976 inhibited JNKs activation and the expression and activity of MMP-9, not MMP-2. Inhibition of PKC-theta and PKC-zeta using pseudosubstrates inhibited IL-1beta-stimulated activation of ERK1/2 and JNKs and the expression and activity of MMP-2 and -9. Inhibition of PKC-epsilon had no effect. IL-1beta activated NF-kappaB pathway as measured by increased phosphorylation of IKKalpha/beta and IkappaB-alpha. Inhibition of ERK1/2, JNKs, and PKC-alpha/beta1 had no effect on NF-kappaB activation, whereas inhibition of PKC-theta and PKC-zeta inhibited IL-1beta-stimulated activation of NF-kappaB. SN50, NF-kappaB inhibitor peptide, inhibited IL-1beta-stimulated increases in MMP-2 and -9 expression and activity. These observations suggest that 1) activation of ERK1/2 and JNKs plays a critical role in the regulation of MMP-9, not MMP-2, expression and activity; 2) PKC-alpha/beta1 act upstream of JNKs, not ERK1/2; 3) PKC-zeta and -theta, not PKC-epsilon, act upstream of JNKs, ERK1/2, and NF-kappaB; and 4) activation of NF-kappaB stimulates expression and activity of MMP-2 and -9.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15269222
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"