Obese and diabetic db/db mice develop marked liver fibrosis in a model of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis: role of short-form leptin receptors and osteopontin

Atul Sahai, Padmini Malladi, Xiaomin Pan, Rachelle Paul, Hector Melin-Aldana, Richard M Green, Peter F Whitington
American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 2004, 287 (5): G1035-43
Obesity and type 2 diabetes are associated with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), but an obese/diabetic animal model that mimics human NASH remains undefined. We examined the induction of steatohepatitis and liver fibrosis in obese and type 2 diabetic db/db mice in a nutritional model of NASH and determined the relationship of the expressions of osteopontin (OPN) and leptin receptors to the pathogenesis of NASH. db/db mice and the corresponding lean and nondiabetic db/m mice were fed a diet deficient in methionine and choline (MCD diet) or control diet for 4 wk. Leptin-deficient obese and diabetic ob/ob mice fed similar diets were used for comparison. MCD diet-fed db/db mice exhibited significantly greater histological inflammation and higher serum alanine aminotransferase levels than db/m and ob/ob mice. Trichrome staining showed marked pericellular fibrosis in MCD diet-fed db/db mice but no significant fibrosis in db/m or ob/ob mice. Collagen I mRNA expression was increased 10-fold in db/db mice, 4-fold in db/m mice, and was unchanged in ob/ob mice. mRNA expressions of OPN, TNF-alpha, TGF-beta, and short-form leptin receptors (Ob-Ra) were significantly increased in db/db mice compared with db/m or ob/ob mice. Parallel increases in OPN and Ob-Ra protein levels were observed in db/db mice. Cultured hepatocytes expressed only Ob-Ra, and leptin stimulated OPN mRNA and protein expression in these cells. In conclusion, our results demonstrate the development of an obese/diabetic experimental model for NASH in db/db mice and suggest an important role for Ob-Ra and OPN in the pathogenesis of NASH.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"