Measurement of circulating troponin Ic enhances the prognostic value of C-reactive protein in haemodialysis patients

Alexandre Boulier, Isabelle Jaussent, Nathalie Terrier, François Maurice, Jean-Pierre Rivory, Lotfi Chalabi, Anne-Marie Boularan, Cécile Delcourt, Anne-Marie Dupuy, Bernard Canaud, Jean-Paul Cristol
Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation 2004, 19 (9): 2313-8

BACKGROUND: Cardiac Troponin I (cTnI) levels are considered an important diagnostic tool in acute coronary events. They could be of predictive value in haemodialysis (HD) patients. However, the relationship between cTnI and the HD-induced inflammatory state remains unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the prognostic relevance to all-cause and cardiovascular mortalities in HD patients of cTnI, in combination with highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels.

METHODS: We measured cTnI and hs-CRP at baseline (March 10 to November 16, 2001) in 191 HD patients without clinical signs of acute coronary artery disease [median age 66.7 years (range 22.3-93.5), 94 females, 97 males]. We used a cTnI concentration with a total imprecision of 10% (0.03 microg/l), determined in the laboratory, as the analytical threshold value. Patients were followed for mortality until 1 January, 2003 (median follow-up 418 days). The adjusted relative risks (RRs) of death and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Cox proportional hazard models.

RESULTS: A significant proportion (25.1%) of patients had elevated CTnl, > or =0.03 microg/l; 40.3% of patients had CRP concentrations > or =10 mg/l. During follow-up, 29 patients died, 44.8% due to cardiac causes. Elevated cTnI or CRP levels were associated with increased mortality [RR adjusted for age, sex and duration of dialysis 4.2 (1.9-9.0) for cTnI > or =0.03 microg/l and 3.6 (1.6-8.1) for CRP > or =10 mg/l], cTnI being particularly predictive of cardiovascular death. Moreover, the combination of elevated hs-CRP (> or =10 mg/l) and circulating cTnI (> or =0.03 microg/l) dramatically impaired the HD survival rate [adjusted RR for all-cause mortality 16.9 (4.5-63.8)].

CONCLUSION: Circulating cTnI was associated with poor prognosis, especially when combined with elevated CRP, strongly supporting the adoption of regular cTnI testing in HD patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"