RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Role of diffusion-weighted imaging and in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in the differential diagnosis of ring-enhancing intracranial cystic mass lesions.

OBJECTIVES: Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (PMRS) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) were compared to determine which technique is more effective in the differential diagnosis of cystic intraparenchymal ring-enhancing lesions with variable perifocal edema.

METHODS: Fifty-two patients (abscesses [n = 29], tumor cysts [n = 20], and benign cysts [n = 3]) formed the basis for comparative evaluation in this study. The criteria for abscess diagnosis were apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values less than 0.9 +/- 1.3 x 10 mm/s and presence of lactate cytosolic amino acids (AAs) with/without succinate, acetate, alanine, and glycine on PMRS. Criteria for nonabscess cyst identification were ADC values of 1.7-3.8 x 10 mm/s and presence of lactate and choline on PMRS. On the basis of these criteria, patients were categorized into abscess (n = 29) and nonabscess (n = 23) groups. Sensitivity and specificity of PMRS and DWI with respect to the final diagnosis were calculated based on the efficacy of these techniques.

RESULTS: : Apparent diffusion coefficient values in 21 patients with abscesses were observed within the range of defined criteria, whereas in 8 patients, ADC values were beyond the range of defined criteria. Lactate and AAs with or without other metabolites were observed in 25 of 29 cases of abscesses on PMRS. In the nonabscess group, ADC values of cystic lesions in all patients were consistent with respect to the defined criteria. Only lactate was seen in 14 of 23 patients, whereas both lactate and choline were visible in 6 patients. In 3 patients with neurocysticercosis, AAs (n = 2), lactate (n = 3), acetate (n = 1), succinate (n = 3), choline (n = 2), and alanine (n = 3) were seen. The sensitivity of DWI and PMRS for differentiation of brain abscess from nonbrain abscess was 0.72 and 0.96, respectively, whereas the specificity was 1 for both techniques.

CONCLUSION: Demonstration of restricted diffusion on DWI with reduced ADC is highly suggestive of brain abscess; however, in the absence of restriction, PMRS is mandatory to distinguish brain abscesses from cystic tumors.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app