JOURNAL ARTICLE

p38 MAPK mediates the expression of type I collagen induced by TGF-beta 2 in human retinal pigment epithelial cells ARPE-19

Kenichi Kimoto, Kazuo Nakatsuka, Noritaka Matsuo, Hidekatsu Yoshioka
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 2004, 45 (7): 2431-7
15223827

PURPOSE: Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta has been implicated as the key mediator of proliferative vitreoretinopathy, but the cellular mechanisms by which TGF-beta induces extracellular matrix protein (ECM) synthesis are not fully understood. The current study was conducted to examine whether the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway is involved in TGF-beta 2-induced collagen expression in retinal pigment epithelial cells.

METHODS: Human retinal pigment epithelial cells ARPE-19 were cultured and stimulated with various concentrations of TGF-beta 2. The type I collagen gene (COL1A1, COL1A2) expression induced by TGF-beta 2 was evaluated by real-time RT-PCR. Synthesis of type I collagen was evaluated by the concentration of the C-terminal propeptide of type I (PICP) in the medium. The activation of MAPK pathways by TGF-beta 2 was assessed by immunoblot with anti-phospho-p38 and anti-phospho-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 antibodies. The role of MAPK was assessed using biochemical inhibitors. To examine the transcriptional activities of COL1A1 and COL1A2, luciferase reporter assays were also performed.

RESULTS: mRNA expression of COL1A1 and COL1A2 and type I collagen synthesis were activated by TGF-beta 2. Both ERK and p38 MAPK pathways were also activated by TGF-beta 2. The biochemical blockade of p38 MAPK activation, but not ERK activation, inhibited TGF-beta 2-induced type I collagen mRNA expression and type I collagen synthesis. Moreover, blockade of the p38 MAPK pathway inhibited the increase in both COL1A1 and COL1A2 promoter activities when induced by TGF-beta 2.

CONCLUSIONS: TGF-beta 2 activates p38 MAPK and p38 MAPK plays a role in relaying the TGF-beta 2 signal to type I collagen production in the retinal pigment epithelium.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15223827
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"