Role of differential and cell type-specific expression of cell cycle regulatory proteins in mediating progressive glomerular injury in human IgA nephropathy

Lian-Qun Qiu, Raja Sinniah, Stephen I-H Hsu
Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology 2004, 84 (9): 1112-25
The activities of cell cycle regulatory proteins have been reported to be associated with the development of pathological lesions in glomerulonephritis. To assess the cellular mechanisms underlying the mesangial cell proliferation and glomerulosclerosis in progressive human IgA nephropathy (IgAN), we examined the expression of E2F1, Rb, c-Myc, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), cyclins (D1, E and A), cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) and CDK inhibitors (p21(waf1), p27(kip1), 57(kip2) and p16(ink4a)) by immunohistochemistry in renal biopsy specimens. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) was also performed to detect the presence of apoptosis. In total, 51 cases of IgAN were categorized into four subgroups according to histological severity. A dramatic upregulation of E2F1 expression in mesangial cells was identified in proliferating glomeruli, which correlated well with the proliferation index. High endogenous expression of p27(kip1) and p57(kip2) by podocytes in normal glomeruli and glomeruli with minor lesions was observed to decrease in proliferating and sclerosing glomeruli; this pattern displayed a strong inverse correlation with the mean glomerulosclerosis score and the index of glomerular lesion. Increased apoptotic activity was identified in progressive glomerular lesions of advanced IgAN, which correlated with the proliferative activity in these lesions as assessed by total expression levels of PCNA and CDK2 in glomeruli, E2F1 expression levels in the mesangium, cyclin D1 expression levels in endothelium and the c-Myc glomerular staining score. Our results suggest that the onset and magnitude of mesangial cell proliferation and glomerulosclerosis is associated with the upregulation of E2F1 by mesangial cells and the downregulation of p27(kip1) and p57(kip2) by glomerular epithelial cells. The cell type-specific and coordinated regulation of proliferative and proapoptotic activities of cell cycle regulatory proteins may play an important role in mediating progressive glomerular injury in human IgAN.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"