Role of hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha in gastric cancer cell growth, angiogenesis, and vessel maturation

Oliver Stoeltzing, Marya F McCarty, Jane S Wey, Fan Fan, Wenbiao Liu, Anna Belcheva, Corazon D Bucana, Gregg L Semenza, Lee M Ellis
Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2004 June 16, 96 (12): 946-56

BACKGROUND: Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1), a heterodimer comprising the oxygen-regulated subunit, HIF-1alpha, and HIF-1beta, mediates transcription of the gene for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Overexpression of HIF-1alpha is associated with tumor angiogenesis and tumor cell proliferation and invasion. We examined the effects of inhibiting HIF-1alpha activity on angiogenesis and human gastric cancer growth in vivo.

METHODS: Human gastric cancer TMK-1 cells were stably transfected with pHIF-1alphaDN, an expression plasmid encoding a dominant-negative form of HIF-1alpha that dimerizes with endogenous HIF-1beta to produce HIF-1 complexes that cannot activate transcription, or with the empty expression vector (pCEP4). Two clones of pHIF-1alphaDN-transfected cells, DN2 and DN3, were tested in all experiments. We used an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to measure VEGF secretion by transfected cells cultured in hypoxic (1% O2) or nonhypoxic (20% O2) conditions. We used subcutaneous and orthotopic mouse tumor models to examine the growth of tumors derived from injected pHIF-1alphaDN-or pCEP4-transfected cells. Tumor cell proliferation, vessel area (a measure of functional vascular volume), and tumor endothelial cell association with pericyte-like cells (a measure of vessel maturation) were analyzed by immunohistochemical or immunofluorescent staining. All statistical tests were two-sided.

RESULTS: DN2 cells and DN3 cells secreted less VEGF than pCEP4-transfected TMK-1 cells when cultured in nonhypoxic or hypoxic conditions (e.g., DN2 versus pCEP4 in nonhypoxic conditions: 645 pg of VEGF/10(6) cells versus 1591 pg of VEGF/10(6) cells, difference = 946 pg of VEGF/10(6) cells [95% confidence interval [CI] = 640 to 1251 pg of VEGF/10(6) cells; P =.006]; DN2 versus pCEP4 in hypoxic conditions: 785 pg of VEGF/10(6) cells versus 2807 pg of VEGF/10(6) cells, difference = 2022 pg of VEGF/10(6) cells [95% CI = 1871 to 2152 pg of VEGF/10(6) cells; P<.001]). In the subcutaneous tumor model, tumors derived from DN2 or DN3 cells had lower final volumes, weights, and vessel areas, less tumor endothelial cell association with desmin-positive cells, and fewer proliferating tumor cells than tumors derived from pCEP4-transfected cells. In the orthotopic tumor model, tumors derived from DN2 cells had smaller volumes and less vessel area and maturation than tumors derived from pCEP4-transfected cells.

CONCLUSIONS: Inhibition of HIF-1alpha activity impairs gastric tumor growth, angiogenesis, and vessel maturation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"